Simon Johannes Van Douw (circa 1630 – after 1677 but before 1697) was a Flemish painter and draughtsman whose early painting style is related to the cabinet painting tradition due to its stage-like action setting, the breaking down of landscapes through color and the atmospheric palette. Douw created Italianized landscapes, equestrian skirmishes, battles at cattle markets and hunting scenes, though no evidence exists that proves he visited Italy. His life is even more mysterious due to the unknown location of where he was born, the exact year he died and with whom he trained under but it is understood that he became a master in the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1655. In 1664, he founded an art school in Antwerp for the painting of battle scenes in which the artists Pieter van Bloemen, Frank Valk, and Pieter Verpoorten were involved.